Here are the most common types of truck accidents:--Truck Brakes MalfunctionHeavy trucks use air brakes exclusively: Most are drum-like units. Air enters the chamber when the brakes are applied, the push rod moves out turning the slack adjuster which rotates the S-cam and forces the shoes into the drum.Brakes are a heat engine, they convert kinetic energy or motion into thermal energy or heat. Suppose a 400-horsepower engine grosses out at 80,000 pounds. The engine can probably get up to 40 mph in 1\/4 mile or 1,320 feet. The brakes should be able to stop in about 133 feet with this impregnated tarpaulin fabric speed and weight. A full stop from 60 mph might raise the drum temperatures to 600 degrees F. This is about the limit for safe operation. If the brakes aren't right or the load is not distributed properly, then some drums might go up to 800-1,000 degrees F. The drum will increase in diameter as the temperature rises. This is definitely dangerous for the truck driver and the passenger vehicles around the truck. Downhill Break FailureSome truck drivers don't understand the severe demands put on the brakes by long downhill runs. Brakes had better be right used with the correct braking technique for optimum safety to the bottom. In recent years there had been erroneous information about how to brake on long down hills. It was wrongly suggested that a continuous application of the brakes was the preferred method. However, that is incorrect. Intermittent application or what the trucking industry refers to as snubbing is the preferred method. The key is not the speed drop; this will depend on weight, grade, and other factors. The key is air pressure -- the application pressure should be high enough to get all the truck brakes working. In practice, unless the brakes are in good condition, tractor-trailer balance is right, and the load is ideally located; the continuous application of the brakes is likely to result in uneven drum and lining temperatures and problems before you get to the bottom of the hill. Downhill break failure can be prevented when all the brakes are working some of the time instead of some of the brakes working all the time. The application pressure must be high enough to ensure that all brake chambers apply and that all linings make solid contact with the drums - about 20 psi or higher. --Truck rolloversBig rigs roll easily. If a truck goes around a curve too fast, it will roll over. Trucks can go over in a curve even without going too fast if their rear tires strike something (like the curb) while cornering. Trucks can still roll over at 5 mph especially if backing up while being jackknifed. Some rollovers happen when drivers try to return to the road after putting a tire off the pavement. They can rut in soft ground or catch a pavement separation and roll over.--Truck Jackknifing The rig jackknifes when the drive axle brakes lock up. Steering axle brakes provide 12 percent of the total braking of a loaded vehicle. Trucks jackknife sooner or later regardless of what the steering axle does even if the steering wheels are pointed straight ahead. Road crown or left\/right imbalances will cause jackknifing if the truck slides long enough. Jackknifing will most likely cause a rollover.Once the brakes are locked, directional control at the axle becomes lost. Sooner or later a sideways pull develops that affects the directional stability of the vehicle which may cause a rollover. --Never attempt to negotiate on your own behalf with a trucking company after a truck accident. Most trucking companies are highly skilled at truck accident investigation and claims practice. These adjusters represent the truck company -- not you. Never make any statements or sign any releases for medical records or employment records. Often the medical release allows the adjuster to talk to the doctors without you or anyone being present. Truck companies have accident investigators that are on call and dispatched to the scene of the crash as soon as the trucking company learns about an accident. While the families of the accident victims are tending to medical and hospital care and funeral arraignments, the trucking company is busy investigating the accident and gearing up their defense. This is why victims of large truck accidents need a knowledgeable team of truck accident attorneys and investigators on their side\u0085fighting for their rights.