When the two chemicals are blended the phenyl oxalate ester oxidizes the hydrogen peroxide, resulting in a compound known as phenol and an unbalanced acid ester. The unstable chemical putrefies, resulting in extra phenol and a cyclic peroxy chemical. This chemical then putrefies to carbon dioxide; this decomposition procedure discharges energy to the dye, and the electrons in the fluorescent dye atoms move to a high level, then retreat down, discharging energy in the form of light.The definite light stick is just a form of housing the two chemicals. In the light stick, the two solutions are held in reserve in different chambers. The dye solution and phenyl oxalate ester fills up the majority of the light stick, whilst the hydrogen peroxide solution is detained in a small glass in the center of the light stick. This is why light sticks should be bent to make active - twisting the plastic stick smashes the small glass open, letting both the solutions to blend.The light stick can remain lit for hours, if adequate chemicals are used. On the other hand, more commercial light sticks are probable to last up to thirty minutes. In addition, heating the light stick will help it to glow much more bright, but it will as well diffuse more quickly. In the same way, cooling the light stick will reduce the speed of the procedure and cause a dim light to last longer. Cooling a light stick can help the light to last for a large number of days, although it will in due course of time fade away. Even though a few sites online provide information on how to create a light stick, this is discouraged for people unless they have a background in science and substantial training in chemical compounds. While comparatively safe, mixing the chemicals inaccurately can lead to unintentional results, and the fluorescent dye can damage clothes and other fabrics. Light sticks are as well known as glow sticks and made in different forms from the time of their creation. Original light sticks were tubes approximately six inches long.